The Heritage Rose Garden was created as a study garden for the Heritage Rose Foundation to grow collections of rose varieties of a limited number of rose classes of Heritage roses well adapted to the local environment.
The Garden is divided into 5 areas of different collections of roses
Texas Found Roses – West end of the garden (numbers 1 thru 44)
The roses in this section are roses found growing in Texas Rose Rustlers, a group of rose enthusiasts formed in the 1970’s to search out heritage roses growing in old cemeteries and abandon home sites. Many of these roses were grown under study names for years until they were finally identified. Roses are displayed with their proper registered name. Roses with names in parenthesis are still grown with their study name as they have bever been identified. An example is “Caldwell Pink”.
Bermuda Mystery Roses – East of the Found Roses (numbers 152 thru 169)
The roses in this collection are also “found” roses, except these roses were all found on the island of Bermuda. It remains a mystery today how these roses got to Bermuda. A plausible explanation could be that the original roses were part of the loot and plunder of the many pirates that sailed out of Bermuda in the 18th and 19th century. Some of these roses have been identified, but some are slightly different from their suspected known variety.
China Roses – Ease side of the Gazebo Wedding Venue (numbers 200 thru 239)
China roses are the descendants of the hybridization of European once blooming roses with re-blooming roses from China imported into Europe from 1790 to 1820. The first generation of these rose crosses were once blooming (see Hybrid China below), but successive back crosses brought out the re-blooming characteristic. These roses are all easy to grow, re-blooming roses with good resistance to fungal disease. They make excellent garden plants.
Tea Roses – West and North side of Gazebo (numbers 400 thru 480 and 523 thru 541)
Tea roses have the same story as the China roses described above, except the imported Chinese roses used in the crosses were of a Rosa gigantia variety instead of a Rosa chimesis variety. The Tea roses have a larger, different bloom form and usually a larger growth habit than the China roses. The Tea roses also have good disease resistance and also make wonderful garden plants. Tea roses usually with also have more frangrance than the China roses. Our Tea roses at Chambersville have suffered severe winter damage in the last few cold winters, however Tea roses have survived the winter much better just 25 miles further south in the Dallas urban “heat island”.
Noisette Roses – Columns west of the Tea roses and adjacent (numbers 807 thru 816 and 520 thru 546)
Noisettes are the only class of roses originating in the United States, being first created by John Champney of Charlotte SC. The Noisetteis generally considered as two different types. The Noisettes are mostly just large shrubs with a spreading growth habit, the Tea Noisettes are usually vigorous climbers that may become very large. The Noisettes unfortunately are not very cold hardy and they suffer in the colder climate of Chambersville. As with the Tea roses, they will do better in the Dallas “heat island”.
Hybrid Musk Roses – North East of lower part of the garden (numbers 549 thru 576)
The Hybrid Musk roses were created by Reverend Pemberton in England in the early 1900’s. The rose makes large spreading shrubs, they can be trained as small climbers, but best suited as mounding shrubs. The Hybrid Musk roses are much cold hardier than the Teas and Noisettes. Expect to see more Hybrid Musks and less Teas and Noisettes at Chambersville in the feature!
Hybrid China Roses & Species Roses – South East of lower part of garden (numbers 481 thru 510)
The Hybrid China roses are the roses produced by the first few generations of crosses of China roses discussed under China Roses earlier. These first crosses of reblooming China roses and non-blooming European roses were all themselves once blooming. They exhibit much of the characteristics of the European roses in the flower form, color and fragrance.
The species roses are original “wild” roses found naturally occurring around the northern hemisphere. Many of the species have evolved slightly different characteristics and it can sometimes be difficult to decide which really came first.
Ramblers – South side of lower garden (numbers 899 thru 920)
“Rambler” is a broad term used to describe a wide range of large once blooming climbing roses derived by crossing a vigorous species rose with a modern rose, frequently a hybrid tea or other large flowered rose. The most common species used are R. multiflora and R. wichurina although many other species roses have also been used. The new Anne Belovich Garden at Chambersville features a collection of 150 additional rambling roses.